History of Jemez Springs Public Library
by Judith Ann Isaacs
The Jemez Springs Public Library came into being through the persistence and dedication of a group of local residents. These folks, some of whom are still here today, volunteered endless hours during the decades of 1960s through the early 1990s. Few had training or experience as librarians. What they had was a love of books and reading and a belief that any self-respecting community should have a library open to the public where adults and children could borrow books. And books it was at that time. It wasn’t until the early 2000s that the collection included audio books, first on cassette and then CD, and movies on DVD.
Like an orphan, the original book collection was moved several times until the Village adopted it and gave it a permanent home. The initial structure has undergone four remodels to date, each one improving and expanding the library as funds became available to accommodate the community’s needs.
The library was started in 1965 by Grace Swetnam and Katie Evilsizer, of Farmington, in a corner of the vestibule on the lower level of the Jemez Springs Presbyterian Church. The original holdings were obtained when Jack Dilley, minister at that time, donated his personal collection. According to an article in The New Mexican on April 2, 1965, books were also furnished by the New Mexico Library Extension Service through the assistance of Miss Virginia Real, Aztec librarian. Hours were 3-6 pm on Tuesdays and Thursdays during the school year and noon-6 pm in the summer. Grace Swetnam was the librarian and was aided by a number of volunteers. A photo provided by her son, Tom Swetnam, shows Grace and Katie, who also arranged for the Northwest Regional Library Bookmobile to make stops in Jemez Springs.
The library soon moved to a room in the old electric coop building (since torn down and replaced with existing the Jemez Mountain Electric Coop building). The State Library provided enough books to line two walls with books, and State Library consultants provided assistance in library skills. In addition to books on a rotating loan from the state Library, the collection consisted of donations from the public. The library was open two afternoons on week days.
The Jemez Springs Community Library was officially established in 1973 under the incorporation of the Village of Jemez Springs when Josephine Shepherd was mayor. At a later date, the library moved from the electric coop to a room in the Jemez Springs Bath House. Hours during this period increased from two to four hours per day. Bill Guse, Shelly Quiner, Linda Soroos, Anita (Neetie) Treston, Ed Torrup, Linda Domier and Susan Holmes served as librarians in these two locations—all as volunteers.
Permanent Building–First Remodel/First Library Board
The Community Club owned an 800 sq. ft. metal storage building located at the south end of the Village Plaza. Primary use was a place to store the life-size figures that comprised Christmas decorations placed each year on Soda Dam and subsequently in Fr. Fitzgerald Park. The Club donated the site to the Village, and in 1984, Mayor Maudell Berglund applied for a LSCA Title II grant to remodel the building for use as a library. (The Library Services and Construction Act, enacted in 1962 by Congress, provided federal assistance to libraries for the purpose of improving or implementing library services or undertaking construction projects. A primary aim of the LSCA was to provide funding for underserved and/or disadvantaged communities in need of library service.) That original storage building comprises the southernmost structure of today’s library.
In 1992, the Village, under Mayor Genevieve Sandoval, adopted Resolution #177, which formally established a library director and a library board, both being required of what was termed a “developing” library by the State Library. Susan Minter became Library Director and held that position until 1996.
The first library board members were Bill Guse, president; Paul Wenninger, vice president; Theresa Millard, secretary-treasurer; Ron Malpass, representative trustee from the Village. In 1995, Kathleen Weigner became secretary-treasurer, and Roger Sweet became Village representative. The original library policies were written by Paul Wenniger, Rebecca Christman, Kathleen Weigner, Roger Sweet and Susan Minter.
Amy Pearson was the librarian. In the next few years, the library entered the electronic age when one Apple computer was added for public access, and a PC was purchased for the librarian. Hours increased to 10-6:30 three days per week plus noon-4 on Saturdays. In 1994, a Memorandum of Agreement was signed by the Village of Jemez Springs and Sandoval County that recognized the service of the library extended far beyond the Village limits. It was therein defined as stretching from San Ysidro to Seven Springs and from Ponderosa to Sierra los Pinos. This increased the amount of funding available from both the county and the state.
Friends of the Library
From the very beginning right up to the present day, the library has been sustained by volunteers. They have raised funds through memberships, raffles, silent auctions, used book sales, benefits at Hummingbird Music Camp, generous gifts, and many, many bake sales. Nancy Cella, a long-time member and officer of the Friends of the Library, looked up from a sales booth in the park on a hot summer day, gestured to the library and said, “Look what a million brownies can build.” Volunteers have staffed the front desk, presented programs, served on the board, shelved books, sorted donations, and assisted with myriad other tasks that would have been difficult to complete without them.
In 1993, the Friends of the Library became a 501c3 non-profit corporation in order to better raise funds for the library. Two women were influential in moving the library toward a full-service institution: Rebecca Christman, retired university librarian and president of the Library Board, and Kathleen Wiegner, author, local newspaper editor and president of Friends of the Library. The year before, Donna Lea had started the process by putting out a call for volunteers, according to an article in the Jemez Jonker (May 1992).
The Friends purchased a shed which became the “Book Barn,” currently located behind the library. Stocked with donations from the public and items withdrawn from the library collection, it is another significant fund-raiser. Jim McClary for many years volunteered to keep the Book Barn organized and identified books to sell on E-Bay to benefit the Friends of the Library.
Regular fund-raising events for many years were– the Sunday Salons, which ranged in subject matter from native plants to poetry writing to travelogues. These events were publicized by a series of striking posters designed by artist Erica Kane, president of the Friends from 1999 to 2015. To see more of Erica’s posters, go to Collections.
We are most likely the only library in the country, maybe the world, to be partially funded through yoga classes, which were started in 2007 by volunteer Chris Gardner. Over the years, other volunteers with yoga training have continued teach a weekly yoga class on a donation basis. All proceeds go to the Friends of the Library.
Two significant donation were big fundraisers for the Friends. The first occurred in 2013 when Peter Reynolds, a part-time resident of the Valley, donated his personal collection of Southwest art, including paintings, pottery and sculpture. The Friends decided to keep work of all local artists, which today graces the walls and shelves, once again making Jemez Springs Public Library unique among the many small-town libraries in the state by owning and displaying a world-class art collection. Through E-bay and in-house auctions, the remainder of the collection was sold. In 2015, Anne Hillerman, daughter of famed New Mexico mystery writer Tony Hillerman, donated her father’s personal library to the Friends of the Library. The extensive collection of first editions, foreign language copies of his books, and other memorabilia has been divided to benefit the library in several ways. Some have been added to the collection, some are slated to become part of a permanent exhibit, and the remainder have been sold.
In 1996, the Village received another LSCA Title II grant for $25,000 and embarked on a second remodel. With additional funds from Friends of the Library and Sandoval County, the building was expanded by 300 sq. ft. (now the small room that leads to the deck), and other parts of the building were brought up to code.
New Librarian: Judith Isaacs
Judith Isaacs became library director in 1996; her part-time assistant was Grainne Rowland. Judith had not trained in library science; her degree was a Masters in Educational Administration. A lifelong avid reader, she said she had “spent an awful lot of time in libraries.” For the first couple of years after she became director, Judith was also Story Lady.
In 1997, the library became certified as a public library, having met all criteria established by the State. With public library status came regular funding from the state for collection development and staff training, as well as eligibility for inclusion in state and county bond issues. Hours expanded to 38 hours per week to meet State requirements.
With strong support from Mayor David Sanchez and using grants and funding from the Friends of the Library to supplement these new sources of revenue, a number of programs, mostly for children and youth, were instituted in the next few years. Included were Summer Reading Programs, outreach to the school district with Battle of the Books, and Land of Enchantment, open mike poetry reading, Chess Club, book discussion group, home-school reading group and resource center. Children were always involved in creating and riding in the library’s Fourth of July floats, several of which were awarded prizes. For more photos of library children’s programs, go to Library Images.
Isaacs revived preschool storytime for 3- and 4-year-olds, which Susan Minter had started. Judith read to toddlers for a year, then Christine Barton became Youth Program Coordinator and Story Lady. In 2004, Margaia Forcier-Call volunteered to be the Story Lady and continued for 9 years. While many of programs depended on volunteers, no volunteer was more faithful than Margaia.
Another program that has been a constant throughout the years is the monthly book discussion group. It grew into a library program from an informal book club that met in one members’ homes. That club morphed into a library program, and members of the Friends have volunteered since 1997 to select books and lead the discussions. Among the original members were Kathleen Wiegner and Robert Borden, Jess and Becky Christman, Kimberly Childs, Barbara and John Curran.
Library Goes Digital
When asked what she was most proud of during her years as Library Director, Judith said it was getting the collection cataloged and instituting an electronic circulation system. “When I started, the books were shelved roughly into subject categories, but there wasn’t so much as card catalog. Since card catalogs everywhere were being replaced with computerized catalogs, we went straight to that type of system. When I came, books were checked out by the librarian writing the name of the patron and the name of the book in a notebook. We were really starting from scratch.” (Susan Minter reported that she had started a card catalog and had the traditional wooden case for it. However, no trace of it was found in 1996.)
It took about 5 years, a grant from New Mexico Library Foundation and lots of volunteer help to catalog the approximately 10,000 items in the collection by the time the project was finished. In addition to creating a catalog entry for each book, a card pocket was pasted in and a circulation card inserted where patrons at first wrote their names. When money became available for new software, library cards with numbers were issued, and patrons were asked to write their number instead of their name. Many patrons complained about this because they wanted to (a) see if they had read the book before and (b) see who else had read it. Patrons didn’t see the necessity of library cards anyway. After all, everybody knew everybody else. While cards issued today have four-digit numbers, a few people are still around who have single and double digit library card numbers.
As more money became available for capital improvement, the library embarked on another remodel in 2000. This one resulted in adding the deck in the back and portal in the front, as well as stuccoing the building, installing energy efficient windows, remodeling the interior, and replacing all the shelving. In addition to being a pleasant place to read and listen to the river, the new deck was used for the re-opening reception and for a variety of programs.
Once this remodel was complete, funding became available through the Friends and the Village to add a part-time children’s librarian, titled Youth Programs Coordinator. The first to hold this position was Christine Barton, formerly an elementary school teacher, now a yoga teacher in New York state. Others who worked in the children’s programs over the years included Donna Lea, Carol Meine, Janet Phillips, and Deborah Williams.
The Library Becomes Famous: Tri-Cultural Authors Symposium
In 2001, the Friends, under the leadership of volunteer Morris Taylor, organized a Tri-Cultural Symposium, the first of what would become an annual event that literally put the tiny Jemez Springs Public Library on the map. Morris’s vision was that the symposium would feature New Mexico authors who represented the three cultures in our state (and in our community): Native American, Hispanic and Anglo. The programs would be free to the public; donations were encouraged. Through his immense powers of persuasion and the goodwill and love of libraries manifested in even the most famous, the first symposia featured the blockbuster trio of Tony Hillerman, Rudolfo Anaya and N. Scott Momaday. Each was internationally famous in his own right, and the opportunity to see all three together on the same stage was unprecedented. The resulting publicity attracted people from all over the U.S.
The only compensation any of them ever received was a dinner for themselves and a guest at the Laughing Lizard Cafe and one night’s lodging at the Dancing Bear B&B. While none of the succeeding events reached the luster of the first, the symposia continued for five more years, featuring these well-known New Mexico authors:
2002: Denise Chavez, Simon Ortiz, Michael McGarrity
2003: John Nichols, Rina Swentzell, Demetria Martinez
2004: Simon Ortiz, Paula Gunn Allen, Judith Van Gieson
2005: Nasario Garcia, Jim Belshaw, Joe Sando
2006: Lee Marmon, Thomas Chavez, Ferenc Morton Szasz
2008: Jane Lindskold, Stephen R. Donaldson, Walter Jon Williams
Local artists contributed to unique posters that advertised each symposium. Pictured here is the poster for the first signed by the authors. Go to Collections to see the others, most signed.
The most recent remodel, completed in 2008, resulted in the library you see today. Mayor Johnnie Garcia, with approval from the Village trustees, for two consecutive years placed the library as a top priority in his request to the state for capital improvement funds earmarked by the legislature for small communities. That funding, plus once again state and county bond issues and Friends of the Library, enabled the Village to create the beautiful, expanded structure you see today. (A side note: New Mexico voters, residents in one of the poorest states in the nation, have never failed to approve bond issues for libraries, often with large majorities.) In addition to pushing for state capital improvement funds, the Village decided to move its offices to another building and make their former office space, a double-wide mobile home, available to the library. With the vision of architect Bob Hall, now a principal at Integrated Design & Architecture, the two dissimilar buildings were joined. The former double-wide is now the children’s area, computer area, teen room and restrooms. The old conference room remains as a multi-use venue for the Village.
In a flashback to the old days, the library occupied the Jemez Valley Credit Union’s boardroom during the year the library was closed for remodeling. Like the original one-room libraries, two walls were lined with books and DVDs. Hours were 10-4:30.
Judith Isaacs retired in 2008, and Eva Jacobsen became Library Director. She strengthened the children’s programs and focused on technology. Under her watch, the library added more public computers, including two for children, and entered into a consortium with three other small libraries in Sandoval County to provide an ebook collection.
Librarian: Carol Meine
When Eva left in 2014 to take the job as Circulation Director at Mesa Public Library in Los Alamos, Carol Meine was selected as Library Director. She came here with 15 years’ experience at Mesa Public Library, first as the library director’s assistant and then a program specialist. She also did all the marketing and publicity and served as community outreach liaison. In the latter capacity, she presented a wide spectrum of programs and author talks. An artist herself, she also curated the art gallery at Mesa. Carol continued to push and pull the library into the electronic era, witness this web site. Before taking the job at Mesa, Carol had been Children’s Librarian at the Jemez library.
Librarian: Janet Phillips
Long-time resident Janet Phillips became librarian in 2016. Janet also had been Children’s Program Coordinator at Jemez Springs Public Library 10 years previously. She came to the Jemez Springs job from Rio Rancho (NM) Public Library where she had been Children’s Librarian for seven years.